Sanjarpur Map — Satellite Images of Sanjarpur
Welcome to the Sanjarpur google satellite map! This place is situated in Rahim Yar Khan, Punjab, Pakistan, its geographical coordinates are 28° 15′ 0″ North, 69° 59′ 0″ East and its original name (with diacritics) is Sanjarpur. See Sanjarpur photos and images from satellite below, explore the aerial photographs of Sanjarpur in Pakistan.
original name: Sanjarpur
geographical location: Rahim Yar Khan, Punjab, Pakistan, Asia
geographical coordinates: 28° 15′ 0″ North, 69° 59′ 0″ East
- Rahim Yar Khan Airport (distanced approximately 33 km) – airport hotels
- Sui Airport (distanced approximately 90 km) – airport hotels
- Shikarpur Airport (distanced approximately 110 km) – airport hotels
- Sukkur Airport (distanced approximately 130 km) – airport hotels
- Kadanwari Airport (distanced approximately 140 km) – airport hotels
NO DSL CONNECTION:
there is no DSL connection for sanjarpur. we meed DSL connection.
This chapter covers the history culture and demographic detail about the village. It help reader to portrait the area and its people and their life style.
Rahim Yar Khan has always been politically entwined with Multan, the ancient seat of power of a number of rulers, foreign as well as local. Along with Multan it passed into the hands of Alexander the Great, and his Generals, Ashoka, the great Buddhist Hindu king, Muhammad Bin Qasim, the first Muslim conqueror of India, to name a few. The Abbassids from Egypt hold a special place in the later history of Rahim Yar Khan; the Sikhs under their soldier -king also ruled over this part of Punjab until they were defeated by the British in the famous Anglo-Sikh wars.
The British, through a special treaty with the Nawab’s of Bahawalpur, granted Bahawalpur the administrative status of a State, a British setup employed throughout the Indian subcontinent under which the local princes/rulers took oath of loyalty to the British and were allowed to rule over their people, subject to the terms of the treaty. The district was named Rahim Yar Khan by Nawab Sadiq Khan IV of Bahawalpur, after the name of his first son in 1881. It was raised to the status of an administrative district in 19432.
Rahim Yar Khan District is situated between 24o 13’ to 25o 12’ north latitude and 68o 21’ to 69o 20’ east longitude. District Rahim Yar Khan is one of the largest districts of southern Punjab. Location of Rahim Yar Khan in Pakistan map is shown in Plate 4. The river Indus separates Rahim Yar Khan from Muzafargarh, Rajanpur, Kashmore & Ghotki districts. The district borders with Muzaffargarh district on the north, with Jasilmir (India) and Ghotki district of Sindh province on the south, with Bahawalpur district on the east, and with Rajanpur district on the west.
People of all ethnic groups and races i.e. Seraikis, Punjabis, Balochis, Sindis and Pathans live here harmoniously from generation.
The population of the district is predominantly Muslim i.e. 96.7 per cent. The next higher percentage is of Hindus (Jati) with 1.8 per cent, followed by Scheduled Castes’ 0.6 per cent. Other minorities like Christians, Ahmadis etc. are very small in number. The proportion of Muslim population is higher in urban than rural areas. Christians are mostly living in urban areas representing 1.2 per cent as compared to 0.2 per cent in rural areas. Ahmadis are equal in proportion in urban and rural areas.
Seraiki is the predominant language being spoken in the district, representing 62.6 per cent of the population, followed by Punjabi and Urdu spoken by 27.3 and 2.9 per cent respectively and Sindhi by 2.0 per cent while others speak Pashto, Balochi, Bravi, and Dari etc.
At the Political level, this district has a vast share in the power corridors of the country. At the moment, two federal ministers, three provincial ministers, two provincial and two federal parliamentary secretaries and one advisor to the Chief Minister Punjab belong to this district.
3.1.4 Administrative Division
District Rahim Yar Khan is divided into four talukas, namely: Khanpur, Liaquatpur, Rahim Yar Khan and Sadiqabad. There are 324 pagtwar circles and 1150 Mouzas (Revenue Villages) in the district. One thousand and forty nine of the mouzas are rural while only 23 mouzas are declared urban. Sixty Two mouzas are partly urban and only 7 mouzas comprise of forests. Liaquat Pur and Khanpur talukas have equal number of Patwar circles/tapas i.e. 75 each. See table 1.1.1.
Table 1.1.1.: Administrative Division of Rahim Yar Khan District
|Administrative unit||Kanungo Circles/
|Rahim Yar Khan Tehsil||10||88||322||287||7||26||–||2|
|Liaquat Pur Tehsil||8||75||248||223||10||6||7||2|
Source: Punjab Mouza Statistics 2008
3.1.5 Road Network Infrastructure
Rahim Yar Khan is the District Headquarter. It is situated on the main railway line and national highway, linking Karachi, Lahore & Peshawar. The district has a total metalled road-length of 3265 Kilometres. The district is linked with Bahawalpur, Sakkhar and Muzaffargarh districts through metalled road. The main Peshawar-Karachi railway line passes through Rahim Yar Khan District.
Agriculture, in Rahim Yar Khan, mainly depends upon canal irrigation. However, other modes of land irrigation like pumps and tube wells are also used. Table 1.1.4, given below, shows the total irrigated area of district Rahim Yar Khan by different modes of irrigation.
Table1.1.4: Area Sown, Un-Irrigated and Irrigated by Mode of Irrigation (Thousand Hectares)
|Total area sown||Un-irrigated||irrigated|
|Total||Cahg\nals||Well||Tube wells||Canal wells||Canal tube wells||others|
Source: Bureau of Statistics, Punjab, Lahore
3.1.7 Solid Waste Management
Solid Waste Collection capacity of the District Governments is far less than the volume generated. About 60% of municipal solid waste is collected while the rest remains unattended along roadsides5. Solid waste management in Rahim Yar Khan comprises of primary and secondary collection systems for final disposal. The existing nullahs in the district are considered suitable for effluents’ disposal; however, permission from Irrigation & Power departments, Government of the Punjab, is necessary for disposal of effluents in these nullahs/drains after treatment.
The Solid Waste Management Statistics of District Rahim Yar Khan along with classification of UC’s as Urban and Rural UC’s. As shown below, the district sanitation coverage is 44% of the total wastewater, with very low ratio of waste management facilities i.e. 1%. Also, the growth rate of waterborne diseases in 2007 originating as a result of insufficient waste disposal facilities is 21%.
3.2.1 Population Characteristics
In Pakistan, male population is more than the female population. One probable reason of this ratio could be underreporting of females during national surveys. Pakistan is among those four countries where life expectancy for female, at birth, is less than that of males. Sex ratio in Rahim Yar Khan is 108.8 male per 100 females, which is more than the ratio at the national level, which is 1067. Though there could be other possible reasons for such a difference in male to female ratio, very high maternal mortality rate8 (0.3 for Punjab) and poor health care, at the district and provincial level9 and under reporting of females in national surveys are likely to be instrumental for a great fall in the number of women. Rahim Yar Khan is a rural district in nature and 80 per cent of the total population resides in rural areas.
3.2.2 Population Growth Pattern
Population of District Rahim Yar Khan is categorized by a high growth rate of 3.19% per annum, which simply means that the population will double itself in the next 21.94 years10. 46 % of the population is below 15 years of age. The estimated population of 2010 is 4,580,763, which shows, that the population of the district increased by 55% in 12 years. (1998 to 2010).
3.2.3 Dependent Population
The economically dependent population comprises of the population that is less than 15 years and more than 65 years of age. In addition to these age groups, widowed, and/or divorced women are also considered part of the dependent population. Dependent population, in the case of Rahim Yar Khan District, is 49.29 per cent of the total population whereas the working population is 52.34 per cent. Which shows that dependency ratio11 in the district is 97 per cent.
3.3.1 Main Sources of Livelihood/Income
Agriculture, livestock and labour are the main sources of livelihood in district Rahim Yar Khan. Cotton, wheat and sugarcane are its major crops. Table 188.8.131.52 shows different types of employment sources occupied by male and female population in district Rahim Yar Khan, on Mouza basis.
Table 184.108.40.206: Number of Mouzas Reporting Sources of Employment
|Gender||qualification||Service||Agriculture||Trade||Industry||Personal business||Overseas employment||labour|
Source: Mouza Statistics of Punjab: 2008, Agriculture Census Organization
The above graph shows that 89 per cent of the Mouzas reported agriculture production as the main occupation for most of their male population. The next source of livelihood is labour where 94 per cent of the Mouzas reported that around 50 per cent of their male work force depends on labour for their livelihood. 47 per cent of the Mouzas reported their male workforce working as oversees employees. Most of the working female population is engaged in agriculture and labour work.
The main crops of district Rahimyar Khan are wheat, cotton and sugarcane. The average annual production of wheat and sugarcane over the period 2005-08 was about 820.72 and 4,62 thousand MetricTons (MT) respectively, and of cotton 1,279 thousand bales. Main fruits grown in the district are dates, mangoes and citrus, and the average annual production over the period 2005-08 was 0.38, 393, 13.43 thousand MT respectively. There are 41 flour mills and 4 sugar mills already operating in the district. Therefore wheat and sugarcane do not reflect available industrial potential whereas cotton, being the most important crop, shows a lot of industrial potential. For fruits, there is a big scope for value addition by making juices, pickles and squashes. Dates can be processed and packed. Vinegar can also be manufactured from dates12. It is to be noted that the production of cotton is shown in tonnes instead of bales using a standard conversion factor13 and the numbers reported are rounded off to the nearest decimal places. Over the last 28 years, total area sown for food and cash crops has shown a drastic change.
The contribution of Rahim Yar Khan to the overall wheat production of the province is nominal. Area cultivated for wheat in the last 28 years in Rahim Yar Khan has followed a smooth trend.
Maximum area cultivated for Wheat in Rahim Yar Khan was 308,800 hectares in the year 1996-97 and the minimum area cultivated was 210,900 hectares in the year 1981-82. On the average wheat production has shown an increasing trend from 1981 to 2008. There are fluctuations around central tendency but still the trend remained positive for the period 1981-08. Maximum wheat production was reported 1373,500 tonnes in 1981-82 and the minimum production was 330,800 tonnes in the year 1983-84.
The corresponding figure shows area and production of rice. Over the years, there are no drastic changes in the area cultivated for rice and shows a smooth trend. Maximum area cultivated for rice in Rahim Yar Khan was 23,500 hectares in the year 1999-00 and the minimum area cultivated was 13,000 hectares in 2004-06. The minimum recorded production was in the year 1996-97, which is 17,600 tonnes. The maximum production was recorded in 2008-09, which was 46,700tonnes.
From 1981 to 2008, the area cultivated and production of cotton in the district has shown a slight increase. The production of cotton increased rapidly from the year 1983- 84 onwards and the highest production in the reported 28 years was recorded in 2004- 05, which was 1,364,600 tonnes. Highest area sown was recorded in 2007-08 that was 290,100 hectares.
For area cultivated, sugarcane also shows more or less constant trend and stays around 95,900 hectares. However, the production of sugarcane has shown fluctuations over the years. From1981 to 1999 production of sugarcane in the district has not shown higher. But from 1997 to 2008 production has increased many folds and unprecedented growth rate of 466 per cent has been reported.
Table 220.127.116.11: Area of major crops sown in District Rahimyar Khan in 2010 (Thousand Hectares)
|Major crop||Area swoon|
Source: Development Statistics, Punjab 2011
Rahim Yar Khan is a fertile district. Besides the main crops, sugar cane and cotton, Mangos and citrus orchards also flourish here. The main industries are cotton, ginning and pressing, sugar, edible oil, soap and fertilizer units. The region is also celebrated for its handicrafts, namely intricate embroidery14.
The main industries of the district are textile, cotton ginning and pressing, sugar, cottonseed oil, edible oil, soap, beverage making, agricultural implements’ manufacturing, and fertilizer manufacturing. Cottage industry includes ginning, pottery/clay products, electric desert cooler, agricultural machinery, handicrafts, food industry, and embroidery. Unilever, the international manufacturers of some famous brands of the world like Sunsilk shampoos, Walls ice cream, Lux soaps etc. has one of their major factories of Pakistan in Rahim Yar khan. In view of the existing industries, there exists good potential for sizing plant, good quality packing boxes, paper and paper board, high density polypropylene woven bags, paper cones and bobbins, tins for vegetable ghee / cooking oil packing, hosiery, towels, etc.
In 2006, the population of cattle, buffaloes, sheep and goats in the district was 520, 820, 137 and 1488 thousand heads respectively. The availability of hides and skins is estimated at 250,700 pieces annually. There are 1021 broiler and 128 layer poultry farms having rearing capacity of 20936 and 957 thousand birds respectively. There is also one breeding form having rearing capacity of 25 thousand birds. The annual production of sheep wool is estimated at about 137 million Tons.15.
3.4 Food Security
Food security can be broadly divided into four components:
• Availability of food in terms of sufficient quantity available through domestic production or imports
• Access to adequate resources given the socio-political and economic arrangements of the community
• Utilization refers to the body’s ability to make use of the nutrients provided. This requires clean water sanitation and health care.
• Stability includes an all-time access and utilization of food without any fear of losing it due to any shock (natural calamity, economic shock). This component points out to sustainability of food in an area.
Wheat is produced in most of the rural mouzas along with the other cash crops such as cotton and sugarcane. Rice, maize, and Jowar are also cultivated in the district but in lesser quantities as compared to wheat, cotton and sugarcane. In 2009-10, Government of Punjab procured 3,243 metric tons of wheat from this district whereas it received 178 thousand metric tons for local consumption.17. This implies that the district produced 3,065 MT of surplus wheat.
Food availability not only depends on the obtainability of wheat but also rests on availability of other cereals like rice, maize etc. The production of Maize and relic is extremely low in this district. Livestock based food availability (meat, milk, milk products) is also an important component of total food availability and it is also facing deficit in the district. However, due to the big surplus of crop based food production in the district, Rahimyar Khan is, overall, reporting surplus of food availability in the district.
Per capita availability of food items alone is not a reliable indicator of food security. If the available food is not socio-economically accessible to the masses, availability alone cannot make a society food secure. Average monthly income of a household in this district is between Rs. 11,000/- and Rs. 15,000/- which is considered as very low19. Child dependency (ratio between children and household members in economically active age group) is one of the limiting factors in meeting the daily needs of households and is an important indicator to measure access to food. The increased dependency ratio enhances the spending of the household on child care and food which results in a per capita reduction of socio-economic access to food.
Child dependency ratio is also very high in this district. The share of household expenditures on food is 61.1% of the total income in Punjab. So the low level of income, high food expenditures and high inflation (particularly food inflation) hinders access to food.
In addition to food availability and access, proper assimilation of food in the body is essential. Food utilization and stability depicts this absorption of food and its sustainability. Improved sanitation facilities, clean drinking water, health infrastructure and individual health status along with the female literacy plays vital role in food absorption.
According to Food Security Analysis (FSA) 2009, access to improved drinking water is reasonable in this district.
Sanitation facilities in urban areas of district RahimYarKhan are far better than rural areas of the district. 96 per cent of urban HH have reported Flush facility at their homes and only 48 per cent of rural HH have reported flush facility. 38 per cent of rural HH have no toilet facility of any kind.
Thus, Rahimyar Khan, except for food availability, has a problem of access to food, poor health facilities and low literacy rate. Such conditions place the district at the borderline of food insecurity and rather make the district highly vulnerable to the risk of food insecurity.
3.5 Health and Nutrition
There are 104 BHUs, 19 RHCs, 3 THQs, 8 MCH Centres, 56 Rural Dispensaries and 2 TB Clinics.
According to the PSLM Survey 2010-2011, the number of persons fallen sick or injured in the district, expressed as a percentage of total population in district Rahim Yar Khan is 6.42% males and 7.16% females, which is quite satisfactory. Of the total persons fallen sick or injured, 95% of the people consulted health Practitioners for treatment.
The number of children under 5 years fallen sick or injured is 11.76% males and 9.00% females respectively. Of the total children fallen sick or injured, 99% obtained health consultation.
Table 1.5.4 given below shows different types of health providers consulted as per percentage distribution of total population. The highest percentage of population i.e. 75.80% visited private hospitals and dispensaries for health consultation. However, only 16.65% went to public hospitals.
3.5.1 Immunization Coverage
Immunization coverage estimates are used to monitor immunization services, to guide disease eradication and elimination efforts. This indicator is the measure of the percentage of children under one-year (i.e. <12 months) age who have received all the doses of BCG vaccine, three doses of polio & pentavalent vaccines and 1 dose of measles vaccine in a given year. The urban immunization coverage for children is 47%, which is much better than the rural areas having only 15% coverage. Overall, the children having full immunization coverage in district Rahim Yar Khan is 20%, which is not satisfactory.
Another important element in antenatal care is TT-II Immunization Coverage. This indicator is a measure of the percentage of pregnant women protected against tetanus/neonatal tetanus.
3.6.1 Gender and Level Wise Detail
The total enrolment of district Rahim Yar Khan is 497,313 wherein the total enrolment for males is 271,338 and the total female enrolment is 187,752. Out of a total of 13,461 teachers, 6,868 are male and 5,554 are female teachers. The total boys’ schools of district Rahim Yar Khan are 1,428, while the total female schools are 1,503. Thus the total number of schools is 3,569. The student teacher ratio is 37 students per one teacher.
The total number of primary level schools, that are reported to be in the district, is 2,428. The total enrolment at the primary level is 246,776, of whom 145,412 are boys and 101,364 are girls. The total number of teachers at the primary level is 5,635, out of which 2,758 are male and 2877 are female teachers. Thus on an average, each primary school has an enrolment of 44 students with a teaching staff of 1.
There are 170 middle schools reported. The total enrolment at the middle level is 92,156, of which 51,161 are boys, whereas, the girls’ enrolment is 40,995. The total teachers at the middle level are 3,131, out of which 1,609 are male teachers, while 1,522 are female teachers. Thus, on an average, each middle school has an enrolment of 97 students with a teaching staff of 3.
There are a total of 168 secondary schools in the district. The total enrolment at the secondary level is 120,158; of which 74,765 are boys’ and 45,393 are girls’. The total number of teachers at the secondary level is 3,656, out of which male teachers are 2,501 and female teachers are 1,155. Thus, on an average, each secondary school has average enrolment of 33 students with teaching staff of 1.
3.6.5 Higher Secondary
There are a total of 26 higher secondary schools. The total enrolment at the higher secondary level is 3503; out of which 2137 are boys’ and 1366 is girls’ total enrolment. The total number of teachers at the higher secondary level is 365, out of which 198 are male teachers and 167 are female teachers. Thus, on an average, each higher secondary school has an enrolment of 10 students with a teaching staff of 1.3.7 The Village Profile
Since time immemorial, Hindus were living. Haji Muhmmad Akram came from Iraq and Hazrat Musa Nawab Shah from Multan came here for spreading Islam; they spread the real message of Islam. Since 18th century it had named Sanjarpur after the name of Sanjar Khan who was a relative of Sardar Meer Muhammad and Sardar Peer Muhammad. They both ruled on Sanjarpur.
The village is situated in Rahim Yar Khan, Punjab, Pakistan, its geographical coordinates are 28° 15′ 0″ North, 69° 59′ 0″ East and its original name (with diacritics) is Sanjarpur, map of the village is shown in Plate 6. The village Sanjarpur lies in tehsil Sadiqabad and district Rahimyar khan. It is situated 30 km away from Rahimyar and 15 km away from tehsil Sadiqabad, map of Sadiqabad is shown if Plate 5. Sanjarpur is on the south side of the main city Sadiqabad. The village is surrounded by the Walana village on the north side and on the south side it connects with Allo Menar from east side it is connected with Ahmedpur Lamma. Village is present in the region where there are two industries of fertilizers are working fully and many villagers are working there to support their livelihood.
The main profession of the people of this village agriculture and factory labour but with the changing time and spread of education has contributed a lot in the change of people profession. People prefer to get education and start job rather than to cultivate the land of their forefathers. The people who do not have sufficient land to cultivate and earnings established some shops or any other micro level business in the village.
3.7.2 Land of the Village
Land of village is very much fertile for crops cultivation .As agriculture is a dominant profession to this village. The main source of irrigation is canal system and turbine. Many seasonal crops are cultivated including cotton, wheat, sugar cane and corn and few others on smaller level also.
3.7.3 Inhabitant of the Village
According to the census report 1998 the total population of village was 35000. The majority of this village cast is Abbasis and minority is Araien cast which are immigrants here. Hindus also live there but in minority.
Majority of the people living there are Muslim with a minority group of Hindus are also residing in village. There are four small mosques and one Jamia masjid.
Saraiki is the most popular language. However Punjabi, Sindhi and balochi are local languages and Urdu is the spoken language of schools.
It mainly depends upon the agriculture but shops and vender also are the source of economy. Cattle herding and some inherent occupation like barber, potter, show maker, black smith and gold smith. Some families also send one of its member to Gulf countries for better earning opportunity.
Literacy rate is low. Mostly peoples are primary. There are two schools separately for boys and girls on secondary levels running by government .recently Punjab government has took good steps for upgrading girls school for higher secondary. Two Private schools serving Sajanpur on secondary level one is Alkarim High School Sanjapur and other is Hira School Sanjarpur. On higher secondary level Hira also serving. Fatima Jauhar community college is also serving here on post graduate level. For college education students go to main city Sadiqabad.
3.7.8 Local Politics
Local politics is working on feudal system. Disputes are solved by panchayat.
The village resides at main KLP road (Karachi- Lahore- Peshawer) of Pakistan. Inside the village the condition of roads is not satisfactory. Streets are mostly unpaved and sewerage system is not proper.
There is one telephone exchange in village owned by PTCL with DSL facility. People also use mobile networks for communication.
There is main bus station in village from where all kind of transportation is available for short distant movement and long distance traveling to all over the Pakistan. There are many shops of rent a car, vehicle for goods and luggage transportation including tractor, truck. Student goes in buses to main city to get higher education.
There is small government hospital in village in bad working condition and patients have many complains in this regard. For better health facilities they have to go for cities main general hospital. There is also veterinary hospital working in village.
Village has a large market where native villagers and some people from nearby villages come and do businesses. There are many shops of hard wares, groceries, hotels, mobile shops and auto shops.
There is no playground and public park for the community. Villagers are usually get entertained by many means. On the tea stall the old people of the village gather at the noon and play the cards till the evening. These old people have no business to do as all these are above 6o. They spend their time together in playing cards at the tea stalls. These tea stalls also provide a platform of gossips and certain political and social debates. Some young people also join them in playing cards. Children play cricket, football, gulli danda, and volleyball in street. Dog fight and pigeon flying for prize is also present there.
Source: Anthropologist Azam Khan Abbasi did research for his Msc thesis. He is student of QAU Islamabad.